The Z1 was destroyed by the Allied air raids in , but Zuse rebuilt it in the mids. The engineer's later machine, the Z3 was the first working program-controlled digital computer, used to perform statistical analyses of wing flutter. The 10 units were smashed to pieces and blueprints were burnt after WWII, but a working replica has been built between and , and is on display at The National Museum of Computing.
At first the computer worked until November 9, , and after a memory upgrade and a refurbishment the ENIAC was turned on again for eight more years.
Twenty-six were sold of the vacuum tube computer Pegasus 1 and twelve of the Pegasus 2. A Pegasus 1 was used to calculate digits of pi, a record of its time.
Grier, D.: When Computers Were Human (Paperback) | Princeton University Press
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History of computing
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The government sought a faster way to get the job done, giving rise to punch-card based computers that took up entire rooms. Today, we carry more computing power on our smartphones than was available in these early models. The following brief history of computing is a timeline of how computers evolved from their humble beginnings to the machines of today that surf the Internet , play games and stream multimedia in addition to crunching numbers.
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Early computers would use similar punch cards. The project, funded by the English government, is a failure. More than a century later, however, the world's first computer was actually built. He establishes a company that would ultimately become IBM.
The central concept of the modern computer was based on his ideas. Atanasoff, a professor of physics and mathematics at Iowa State University, attempts to build the first computer without gears, cams, belts or shafts. This marks the first time a computer is able to store information on its main memory.
Considered the grandfather of digital computers, it fills a foot by foot room and has 18, vacuum tubes. They discovered how to make an electric switch with solid materials and no need for a vacuum. Thomas Johnson Watson Jr.
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Kilby was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in for his work. This marks the evolution of the computer from a specialized machine for scientists and mathematicians to technology that is more accessible to the general public.
Written in the C programming language, UNIX was portable across multiple platforms and became the operating system of choice among mainframes at large companies and government entities. Due to the slow nature of the system, it never quite gained traction among home PC users.
On April 4, after the success of this first endeavor, the two childhood friends form their own software company, Microsoft. It sold like crazy.